Research Institute for Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation with a total floor space of 4,800 square meters is based at Shariati Hospital affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The mission of the Research Institute, identified as Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation Research Center in the first two decades of operation, is to provide educational, clinical and research opportunities for malignant and non-malignant hematologic disorders, solid tumors and stem cell transplantation. The Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation Research Center was established in 1990. From the late 2011, the Research center has been identified as the Research Institute for Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation following the expansion of the wards, development of scientific products and training specialists. Significant figures, especially Prof. Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh and relevant institutions including Parliament, the Board of Trustees of Foreign Exchange Savings, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Presidential Institution took the necessary steps to develop the medical facility contained bed space for only 4 patients in 1975 and jointly supervised by other Internal Medicine Wards.